Industry 4.0 is currently immensely popular with a very good reason. It is termed as the “factory of the future” with its interconnected components and processes. This is also with reference to the great industrial revolutions of the past
What is Industry 4.0?
Industry 4.0, Industrie 4.0 or the fourth industrial revolution, is the current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies. It includes cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things and cloud computing. Industry 4.0 creates what has been called a “smart factory”.
1st Revolution: Water Steam
2nd Revolution: Electricity
3rd Revolution: Automation
4th Revolution: Cyber physical Systems
The core of the Digital Industry 4.0 is highly intelligent connected systems that create a fully digital value chain, the 4th industrial revolution enabled by the Industrial Internet of Things (IoT).
Every technological Revolution has altered the way we live, work and relate to each other. The difference in the scope of visualization of a machine in the current generation to that of it a couple of years ago are gigantic. These days it’s all about sharing information and the internet has completely changed the way we access and share information.
How can 4.0 be enabled?
Overview of Functioning of Smart Factory:
Data is collected with a variety of sensors.
Data is collected from the energy generated by the machine to the damages it is bearing.
The factory is self-aware. “It knows, when the man needs rest, it knows when a machine needs to be replaced or repaired, it knows the humidity, temperature, everything.
This data that is collected goes through pre-analysis (meaning to convert it to a language that can be processed for analysis) and then the analysis happens and course correction is initiated wherever required,”
Digital 4.0 is a combination of communications, IT, data and physical elements. This advancement in technology has given rise to that of smart factories. In these Smart factories, machines talk to products and other machines, objects deliver decision-critical data and information is processed and distributed in real time resulting in profound changes to the entire industrial ecosystem.